The Andes have been and will be the main element to articulate the development of the region. Not only for its complicated orography, but also for its inevitable intervention in atmospheric phenomena, both on the coast and in the jungle. The mountain range is the result of millions of years of tectonic movements caused by the so-called “Belt of Fire”, a series of geological faults in permanent activity, which runs along the entire Pacific coast of the Americas. In its immeasurable extensions and foothills are natural landscapes of great beauty, which also serve as a refuge for species of flora and fauna unique in the world.

Main tourist destinations Southern Andes

  • City of Arequipa: known as the White City, Arequipa is the second most important city in Peru. Its old town, declared a World Heritage Site, preserves the colonial architecture in a large part of its layout, which, together with the process of pedestrianization of the Historic Center, make it an ideal city to walk around. Always guarded by the Misti, Chachani and Pichu Pichu volcanoes, the City of Arequipa is a great example of the Andean Baroque, as well as an excellent destination to get lost in its picanterías and enjoy the great Arequipa gastronomy.
  • Colca Canyon: this rock formation reaches 3,500 meters deep and is home to the Condor, which is visible from viewpoints. The experience of observing the flight of the largest bird in the world, together with the spectacular landscapes that make up the canyon
  • City of Cusco: the Imperial City was the capital of the Inca Empire until the arrival of the Spanish conquerors. In its streets there are temples and Inca streets with buildings and colonial churches, forming a unique urban environment in the world. Monuments such as the Cathedral, Qoricancha, the temple of water or the fortress of Saqsayhuaman stand out
  • Sacred Valley: from the capital of the Empire part the path that unites it with the jewel dreamed by Pachacútec: the city of Machu Picchu. On the way along the valley of the Urubamba river, the fortresses, citadels and settlements that the Incas built and nowadays show all their splendor.
  • Machu Picchu: this city is located in a privileged enclave, at high altitude, which made its discovery difficult. With its buildings and temples intact, it is the most visited monument in Peru and is one of the Wonders of the Modern World since 2007.
  • Lake Titicaca: located at an altitude of 3800 meters above sea level, it is the highest lake in the world. Its shores are shared by Peru and Bolivia. On its shores and islands, the Qechua and Aymara populations have coexisted for generations, which makes it a crossroads of cultures and traditions.
  • Floating Islands of the Uros: the Uros are a local tribe that is characterized by living on the islands that they elaborate artificially, using the properties of the together or the totora. Great artisans and boat builders always welcome tourists with open arms.
  • Islands of Taquile and Amantani: in these two islands located opposite the bay of Puno, its inhabitants maintain their traditional lifestyle, favored by geographical isolation.
  • Sillustani: This is a pre-Inca settlement strategically located on a peninsula in a lake next to the main lake. In it, burial towers were built.
  • Tiahuanaco: located in Bolivia, the Tiahuanaco culture is a predecessor culture to the great cultures of the Andean highlands. Built in adobe and stone, in this city is born the mythology that Andean cosmology will generate.
  • Chuchito: in this small town there is a temple to fertility with particular idols of phallic shape
  • Amaru Muru: it is a door made of stone. It is a place of great energy, where rituals of chamanería are traditionally performed.